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Some books should be tasted, some devoured, but only a few should be chewed and digested thoroughly — Francis Bacon
Two thousand and fourteen was a great year for books. I read all the books on last year’s list, “Seven Must-read books about education for 2014” and wrote reviews for each. The books were thought-provoking, refreshing, well worth the investment of my reading time. I’ve complied a selection of titles for 2015 and share the top seven related to education. Collectively the books provide unique and broad perspectives on education. Three titles fall outside the education discipline though each provides insight worth exploring. The list is based upon reviews of several published lists featuring best books overall and best-selling education books of 2014 by The New York Times, NPR, The Chronicle of Higher Education etc. as well as readers comments on Good Reads and Amazon. Like last year, I’m aiming for thought-provoking reads, and quality over quantity.
- Make it Stick: The Science of Successful Learning, (2014). Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger III & Mark A McDaniel
“Make it Stick” made The Chronicle of Higher Education’s Top 10 Books on Teaching. Though two of the three authors are college professors, the book emphasizes the practical application of learning techniques rather than teaching strategies. Authors present recent research on memory, cognitive functioning, how the brain encodes, consolidates information, etc. The subject might suggest a dry read—but reviewers claim it’s engaging, even lively. The book delivers practical advice on effective learning techniques that trump traditional methods of cramming, rote memorization, etc.
“From the perspective of a professor with a good 20 years of experience, this book is a gem. The authors use research to demonstrate how students learn best and how teachers can structure courses to facilitate student learning. While I’ve read many books on teaching, few are as helpful as this one” Elizabeth Theiss (Goodreads)
- Hooked: How to Build Habit Forming Products,(2014). Nir Eyal (author), Ryan Hoover (editor)
“Hooked” is not about education, but product design. The design concept is typically not considered among educators let alone applied when creating learning environments, yet it’s a critical component in developing learning for online spaces. Up until now online learning has focused on delivery of content, level of engagement of learners, completion rates, etc. There’s been little consideration of usability of learning platforms, of creating and structuring content, or guidance for students that provide intuitive pathways for learning. Design principles—principles that guide product design to create user-friendly, intuitive products can and should be applied to online learning. There’s science behind the book too, it incorporates behavioural theory and research.
- Mastery, (2013). Neil Greene
I chose to include this book for a few reasons, first—the publisher is Penguin Books, my favorite book publisher. I’ve yet to read a Penguin book I didn’t like. Second the format of the book is intriguing as the author Robert Greene examines the lives of several masters—Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin, Leonard da Vinci, and contemporary experts such as tech guru Paul Graham. The book is also the sequel to New York times bestselling book “48 Laws of Power”. As the title implies, “Mastery” is about mastering a subject through a three-phase learning technique that includes, 1) apprenticeship, marked by intense learning, 2) the active level, set apart by practice and final phase is mastery. This book sounds review-worthy.
- Social network Theory and Educational Change, (2010). Alan J. Daly
This book intrigues me. After reading the description it appears to be about implementing change in education settings by using the theory of social network analysis as a framework. Worth considering since the focus is on examining the relationships between teachers, leaders, and students, considered ‘nodes’ in the network, and the patterns of communication and information flow between them. The author, a professor of education, uses a case study approach to illustrate application of the network analysis model.
- Dataclysm: Who We Are (When We Think No One’s Looking), (2014). Christian Rudder
Not just a book about big data and what it tells us, “Dataclysm” explores the idea of the vision itself. Highly acclaimed, it made NPR list of Best books of 2014 under the ‘eye-opening reads’ category, The Globe and Mail’s Best Book for 2014, Amazon’s top book of 2014, and was a New York Times Bestseller. As education moves online and institutions and companies gather millions of data patterns of students, Big Data is a BIG topic that both students and institutions need to examine closely for different reasons. “Dataclysm” made my list this year so I can learn more about data that’s collected and the implications for design and development of online education and its students.
“Most data-hyping books are vapor and slogans. This one has the real stuff: actual data and actual analysis taking place on the page. That’s something to be praised, loudly and at length. Praiseworthy, too, is Rudder’s writing, which is consistently zingy and mercifully free of Silicon Valley business gabble.” —Jordan Ellenberg, Washington Post
- Peeragogy Handbook version 3,(2015). Howard Rheingold et al.
I was introduced to this book last year by a reader, and placed it on my must-read list for 2015. The book’s premise is technologically enhanced peer learning, and is a guide to help peers around the globe attain their educational goals and improve their projects. In keeping with the thesis is its authorship; it’s collective, anyone can contribute. From the Peeragogy Handbook website:
“The “Peeragogy Handbook” isn’t a normal book. It is an evolving guide, and it tells a collaboratively written story that you can help write. Using this book, you will develop new norms for the groups you work with — whether online, offline, or both.“
Version 3 of the handbook launched January 1, 2015 and is available as a free PDF download on peeragogy.org. A Peeragogy Workbook is also available for download in a PDF format here. The softcover format is available on Amzaon.com for $20.
- Understanding Media: The Extension of Man,(1964). Marshall McLuhan
I’m a big fan of Marshall McLuhan’s work; the man was a genius. McLuhan was a philosopher, author and professor of communication studies. Reading his works and listening to recordings of his talks, one hears him speak of the effects of the internet long before we had the internet. I’m eager to read this book where he argues a society is affected and shaped by the medium, its characteristics rather than the content that’s delivered over it. How intriguing!
Closing I look forward to another year of good company with some great books. I track my book list and reviews on the Goodreads platform, which you can findhere. If interested in viewing the previous books I’ve read on education along with their reviews click here for my education virtual bookshelf on Goodreads.
There is no shortage of predictions for the upcoming year of 2015. Micro-credentials, digital wearable’s and mobile learning are just a few of the many. Yet predictions are notorious for misleading and even wildly inaccurate assurances. But analyzing trends across industries in conjunction with developments within a sector—the education sector in this instance, is far more constructive and strategic than considering stand-alone predictions. There are themes and patterns worthy of educators, administrators and stakeholders investment of time and consideration. This post examines and explores three trends that meet the worthy criteria. The three: 1) Skill-specific education also known as competency-based education (CBE) is expanding to institutions and generating new education technology products and platforms, 2) Social learning facilitated by technology and the acceptance of MOOCs is a new and viable instructional method, and 3) Learning-on-the-go supported not just by mobile devices and internet connectivity, but by the availability of sophisticated applications with few barriers will expand learning to students seeking flexible access to education.
1) Skill-Specific Education
The most significant innovations in education programs of this past year are those that focus on a specific skill set or knowledge area. These programs fall under the banner of micro-credentialing or competency-based education (CBE) and will be more disruptive to traditional education than anything we’ve seen to date. Traditional education in this context is defined as for-credit education measured by instruction time and grading of students work by teacher/instructor/faculty. Outcomes of traditional education typically are credentials in the form of a degree, diploma or certificate and are recognized by employers and institutions. On the other hand, skills education facilitates student’s learning technical skills or knowledge in a specific topic area that is measured by criteria-specific performance. Typically assessment is an observable outcome(s) that demonstrates mastery in the form of an e-portfolio or interactive transcript. Examples are competency-based degree programs such as the one offered at Purdue, or nano-degrees offered by Udacity, mirco-credential programs offered by edX or Coursera, certificates by Alison, and Mozilla’s Open Badges program.
We can expect more institutions offering competency education programs and employer involvement in skill-specific education this year, as in the example of AT&T giving funds to Udacity and Georgia Tech for development of online programs. We’ll also see companies serving as advisors for curriculum and program development for courses of study at institutions.
Drivers of Skill-Specific Education
- Pressure on education institutions from Department of Education and/or other government entities to offer more accessible and shorter education pathways (to a credential) to accommodate non-traditional learners. The non-traditional segment is a new and growing market of adult learners with prior skills and experience
- Expanding non-traditional student population who seek open, flexible learning
- Skills gap identified by employers
- High cost associated with higher education
Developments in Skill-Specific Education
- MOOCs on institution-affiliated platforms focusing on skill specific training in partnership with companies Courses focusing on skills with input from employers who have a hand in developing curriculum, e.g. professional courses for a fee — targeting professionals
- LMS platform providers creating specific platforms that accommodate competency specific learning e.g. Helix LMS (Phil Hill on Helix LMS)
- Digital badges, e.g.Mozilla Open Badge Project
2) Social Learning as a Pedagogical Method
Social learning is not a new concept, but social learning as a method of instruction is. We are beginning to see social learning adopted by education institutions as a method for learning through peer collaboration for instance, and in Human Resources departments as a method for employee training. Also technological advancement in the form of applications—mobile apps that support learners not just through collaboration but by learning core concepts through innovative software design. Gaming too has become more social, as well as learning management platforms (LMSs) which are incorporating features that support and promote interactivity and social connections among students.
The aim [of social learning] is to engage thousands of people in productive discussions and the creation of shared projects, so together they share experience and build on their previous knowledge — Innovating Pedagogy 2014, The Open University
Drivers of Social Learning
- Advancements in technology have lowered barriers to learner connectivity
- MOOCs uncovered a new demographic of learners—non-traditional students with a thirst for knowledge and learning
- Dissemination of knowledge—learners can now access knowledge through networks rather than institutions
- Companies seeking alternatives to traditional employee training and development leveraging social platforms and tools
- Bring your own Device (BYOD) policies in education institutions
Developments in Social Learning
- Features within Learning Management Platforms that facilitate social interactivity
- Smart phone applications (apps) that support learning with and from peers and/or tutors, e.g. P2P Chat
- Businesses using social media platforms for employee learning and development, e.g.Cisco introduces Project Squared a service delivered via an app or the Web that offers an online gathering place for getting work done.
Mobile devices along with low barriers to connectivity and the choice of hundreds of new apps specific to education puts access to education in the hands of learners making learning-on-the-go a reality. Learning-on-the-go, also known as mobile learning or m-learning is also not new, yet recent advancements in network capabilities and applications makes learning exclusively from a mobile device a reality.
Brandman University for example recently launched a competency based degree on a mobile platform where students have access to 30,000 pages of course material from a tablet or smart phone. Other education institutions are following suit by making education accessible to students from their mobile device for untethered learning— students aren’t bound by a physical institution or even a desktop computer. Numerous apps for mobile devices also support access to knowledge sources via video tutorials, lessons on topic-specific modules, or to access tutoring support, study resources etc.
Drivers of Learning-on-the-Go
- Non-traditional students looking for flexible learning that fits their busy schedule
- Low barriers to owning mobile devices
- Higher quality applications and infrastructure systems that deliver user-friendly learning options
Developments in Learning-on-the-Go
- Education institutions offering degree programs fully online with mobile friendly resources
- Sophisticated applications available for mobile devices that provide quality education options
- Apps that satisfy a variety of education needs including degree programs, developmental education programs, one-on-one tutoring, academic advising
Though we can’t predict exactly what will happen in 2015, we can make informed decisions and be strategic for the upcoming year. Nothing is certain in the future except change as the saying goes, yet being proactive rather than reactive will put educators in the best position for a successful and effective 2015.
- NMC Horizon Report: 2015 Higher Education Edition Wiki
- 2015 Digital Trends Report, GSW Communications
- Innovating Pedagogy 2014, The Open University
- Got Skills? Why Online Competency-Based Education Is the Disruptive Innovation for Higher Education,EDUCAUSE
- The Future of Mobile Learning, EDUCAUSE
- Making Moocs social is the next challenge, The Times of Higher Education
- 7 Higher Ed Stories to Watch in 2015, Education Dive
- Mobile Bachelor’s Degree, Inside Higher Ed
- Apple Watch Coming to a Classroom Near You?, The Chronicle of Higher Education
- Techie teens are shaping how we communicate, Ofcom
- The Case for Social Innovation Micro-Credentials, Stanford Social Innovation Review